J. Dong, M. G. Skalecki, R. A. Hatwig, W. L. Bevilaqua, A. Stark, J. Epp, A. da Silva Rocha, H.-W. Zoch
February 6, 2020
In the field of massive forged components the mechanical engineering industry searches for processes with increasing energy and resource efficiency. The new generation bainitic steels are promising for such application because of the high strength, toughness and fatigue properties. In order to achieve the desired mechanical properties, the development of the bainitic microstructure depending on the parameters of the thermomechanical process and on the cooling procedure must be well-known. In the present work diverse experimental techniques were applied for the investigation of the microstructural development during thermomechanical treatment and subsequent continuous cooling through the bainitic transformation range. The thermomechanical processes were simulated using dilatometers and at the same time, the specimens were analyzed using an eddy current sensor or using in-situ X-ray diffraction measurements at synchrotron (DESY). The results show that the eddy current sensor is suitable for the monitoring of the microstructural development during cooling and during deformation. From the investigations suitable process parameters were deduced for achieving a possibly fine bainitic microstructure. The main factors are a relatively low deformation temperature in austenitic range, a fast cooling (> 2 K/s) into the bainitic range, bainitic transformation and/or a short deformation in the lower bainite range, and finally a slower cooling until room temperature.