The paper attempts to analyse the development and trends in education of persons with disabilities (PWD) in India, in light of different policy perspectives, educational practices, and associated problems in educating them. A critical overview of various educational developments and trends, different perspectives and approaches, policy perspectives, and educational practices has brought certain issues to the forefront. There have been marked paradigm shifts with regards different educational policies and programmes for optimising the development of PWD by providing special education, implementing integration, and by ensuring their incorporation into mainstream society. At the same time, however, various backlogs and barriers highlight the importance of undertaking more focused and comprehensive efforts in order to derive optimum benefits. In this regard, the paper attempts to critically analyse the limitations of the policies and the legislation process with special reference to PWD (i.e., Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act 1995). The paper concludes with a discussion of future challenges and prospects, focusing on the need for assessment and training as well as more focused and consistent initiatives for further improvement of the education of PWD in the Indian context.