Michael Klauke, Debashis Mukherji, Bronislava Gorr, Vicente Braz da Trindade Filho, Joachim Rösler, Hans-Jürgen Christ
June 11, 2013
The oxidation behaviour of experimental Co – Re-based alloy at 1000 °C was studied. A set of binary, ternary and quaternary alloys from the Co – Re – Cr – C system was used as model alloys to understand the role each alloying element plays on oxidation. The morphology and composition of the oxide scale that formed was analysed by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that the present Co – Re alloys with 23 at.% and 30 at.% Cr additions behaved very similarly to Co – Cr binary alloys with equivalent Cr content. The oxide scale was multilayered, consisting of a dense CoO outer layer, a porous mixed oxide layer containing Co-oxide and Co – Cr spinel, and a discontinuous and non-protective Cr 3 O 2 layer. The binary Co – Re alloy behaved differently in oxidation, and it formed only a monolithic CoO scale. However, Re in combination with Cr promotes Cr – Re-rich phase formation, which oxidises preferentially compared to the Co matrix. Carbon ties up part of the Cr to form Cr 23 C 6 type carbides. However, these carbides are not stable at 1000 °C and dissolved with time, therefore C had only a minor role in the oxidation behaviour. In general, increasing Cr content in the alloy improved oxidation resistance.