Matthias Hockauf, Lothar W. Meyer, Thorsten Halle, Corinna Kuprin, Michael Hietschold, Steffen Schulze, Lutz Krüger
May 31, 2013
Fatigue behaviour and mechanical properties of peak-aged AA6063T6 with ultra-fine grain size, produced by equal channel angular extrusion, were evaluated with special emphasis on the microstructure before and after cyclic loading. The strength significantly increased with grain size reduction and is described by an exponential power-law constitutive relationship. A remarkable enhancement of fatigue life compared to commercial AA6063T6 with coarse grains was found in the high-cycle regime after the first two extrusions. Further extrusions eliminated this improvement. It is shown that the optimum fatigue performance correlates very well with the minimum tensile ductility. Electron backscatter diffraction revealed that the material behaviour can basically be attributed to the grain boundary characteristics. Low grain boundary misorientation angles yield the best fatigue performance in the ultrafine-grained microstructure.