Yong Du, Jiong Wang, Jingrui Zhao, Julius Clemens Schuster, Franz Weitzer, Rainer Schmid-Fetzer, Munekazu Ohno, Honghui Xu, Zi-kui Liu, Shunli Shang, Wenqing Zhang
May 23, 2013
A thermodynamic optimization for the Al – Mn system is performed by considering reliable literature data and newly measured phase equilibria on the Al-rich side. Using X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy methods, the melting behavior of λ-Al 4 Mn was correctly elucidated, and two invariant reactions associated with λ-Al 4 Mn (L + μ-Al 4 Mn λ-Al 4 Mn at 721 ± 2 °C and L + λ-Al 4 Mn Al 6 Mn at 704 ± 2 °C) are observed. The model Al 12 Mn 4 (Al, Mn) 10 previously used for Al 8 Mn 5 was modified to be Al 12 Mn 5 (Al, Mn) 9 based on crystal structure data. In addition, the high-temperature form of Al 11 Mn 4 is included in the assessment. Employing fewer adjustable parameters than previous assessments, the present description of the Al – Mn system yields a better overall agreement with the experimental phase diagram and thermodynamic data. The obtained thermodynamic description for the Al – Mn system is then combined with those in the Al – Mg and Mg – Mn systems to form a basis for a ternary assessment. The thermodynamic parameters for ternary liquid and ternary compound Mn 2 Mg 3 Al 18 (τ) are evaluated on the basis of critically assessed experimental data. The enthalpy of formation for τ resulting from CALPHAD (CALculation of PHAse Diagrams) approach agrees reasonably with that via first-principles methodology. Comparisons between the calculated and measured phase equilibria in the Al – Mg – Mn system show that the accurate experimental information is satisfactorily accounted for by the present description. A reaction scheme for the whole ternary system is presented for practical applications.