A. Nicholas Grundy, Honqin Liu, In-Ho Jung, Sergei A. Decterov, Arthur D. Pelton
June 11, 2013
A model has been developed that links the viscosities of silicate melts to their thermodynamic properties. Over the past several years, through critical evaluation of all available thermodynamic and phase equilibrium data, we have developed a quantitative thermodynamic description of multicomponent silicate melts using the Modified Quasichemical Model for short-range ordering. The local structure of the liquid, in terms of the bridging behavior of oxygen, calculated using our thermodynamic model allows us to characterize the structure of the liquid semi-quantitatively using the concepts of Q-species and connectivity of Q-species. The viscosity is modeled by optimizing viscosity parameters that are related to the structure of the liquid. The viscosity of pure liquid silica is modeled using four model parameters and every other unary liquid is modeled using two. The viscosity of all binary liquids is reproduced within experimental accuracy by optimizing one or at most two binary viscosity parameters for each system. In the present article the equations for the viscosity model are derived and analyses for the experimentally well-established systems CaO – SiO 2 MgO – SiO 2 , NaO 0.5 – SiO 2 , KO 0.5 – SiO 2 and AlO 1.5 – SiO 2 are presented. This is the first step in the development of a predictive model for the viscosity of multicomponent silicate melts that will be presented in part II.