S. Gong, M. Yuan, A. Chandra, H. Kharbas, A. Osorio, L. S. Turng
April 30, 2013
This paper reviews some of the recent developments of microcellular injection molding, which is capable of producing parts with excellent dimensional stability using lower injection pressure, shorter cycle time, and less material. Process conditions as well as nano/micro-fillers such as nanoclay and core–shell rubber have a strong influence on cell density and cell size, hence, the final material properties of the molded parts. The addition of nano/micro-fillers at optimum loading levels can generally facilitate the formation of microcellular plastics with higher cell density and smaller cell size leading to superior mechanical properties. The novel integration of a solid plastic surface with a microcellular plastic core via the co-injection molding technique has been investigated to achieve Class “A” surfaces and improved material performance. An improved mathematical model has been developed to simulate the cell growth behavior in the microcellular injection molding process.