M. Horio, E. Kamei, S. Yao, S. Ishikawa, K. Matsunobu
May 27, 2013
The dynamic experiments were made on the solutions of poly (l,4-phenylene-2,6-benzobisthioazole) (PBT) in poly(phosphoric acid) at frequencies from 10 −2 to 10 2 radian· sec −1 . For the liquid-crystalline solutions, the logarithmic plots of G′ and G″ against frequency show abnormally small slopes and those of η′ exhibit large slopes at low frequencies in contrast to the plots for the optically isotropic solutions. However, the viscoelastic behavior of liquid-crystalline solutions is regarded as linear. The temperature of anisotropic-isotropic phase transition of solution is higher for high-molecular-weight PBT than for lowmolecular-weight PBT. The dilution of solution lowers the transition temperature. The transition goes through various stages of mixed phases. The method of reduced variables is applicable to the isotropic solutions, and the resulted composite curves were discussed. The method, however, is inapplicable to the anisotropic solutions, suggesting that the configuration, interaction and aggregation state of molecules in liquid-crystalline solutions may change sensitively by temperature. The slow relaxation mechanisms are involved in the mesophase systems, but the quick shrinkage of highly oriented nematic mesophase at the onset of relaxation produces the zigzag-fibrillar structure of fibers and films made by stretch spinning or casting.