A. Mostafa, G. Pacher, T. Lucyshyn, C. Holzer, E. Krischey, H. Flachberger, B. Fritz, S. Laske
July 31, 2017
In the current study, an assessment of the melt-compounding approach upon the behavior of blast furnace slag (BFS) filled polypropylene (PP) is reported. Two melt-compounding technologies are compared in terms of thermodynamic considerations as well as final behavior of the produced compounds. For this comparison, three PP-BFS formulations are introduced, where non-treated BFS is melt-mixed with PP via (1) internal lab mixer (IM) and (2) co-rotating twin-screw compounder (TSC). PP-BFS compounds from both processes are formed into plates via compression molding, characterized and tested for rheological, thermal and mechanical behavior. Processing parameters were evaluated for both processes such as specific shear work, residence time and shear rates. In addition, the rheological, thermal and mechanical behavior of comparable compounds are evaluated. The calculated specific shear work values for IM and TSC are 0.15 and 0.1 kW · h · kg −1 . Calculated residence time for TSC is 55 s. Regarding the rheological behavior, it was found that melt mixing via both technologies did not show major differences in complex viscosity or storage- and loss moduli values. DSC findings show that crystallization and melting temperatures of IM- and TSC formulations are comparable. Decreased strain values are noticed for TSC compounds, while tensile modulus is found to be independent of process variation.