J. A. Cuculo, P. A. Tucker, G.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Lin, J. Denton
May 27, 2013
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was spun into fibers in the speed range of 3000 to 5000 m/min. Threadline dynamics was modified by altering the threadline temperature profile. This was achieved using a combination of on-line zone cooling and heating(OLZCH). Experimental results showed that the structure development in the threadline was significantly influenced by the OLZCH conditions. The orientation, crystallinity and crystal dimensions of the resulting fibers were greatly increased by the introduction of OLZCH in the take-up speed range of 3000 to 5000 m/min. Various characterization techniques confirmed that the fiber structure was obviously changed with OLZCH. The fiber tensile properties were noticeably improved via this approach. It is concluded that the fiber structure development may be dominantly enhanced by modifying the threadline dynamics in the high speed melt spinning process.