A. Rostami, A. Lotfian, R. Yadipour, H. Baghban, H. Rasooli
March 15, 2013
Coherent population oscillations (CPO) in quantum dots (QDs) have been utilized in this article to achieve slow and fast light effects in a semiconductor optical amplifier. These phenomena have been achieved based on a pump-probe scheme and tuning the input current source. Coupled rate equations have been developed to determine the carrier dynamics and occupation probabilities. The effects of barrier, wetting layer and excited state densities have been included for CPO phenomenon occurring between the ground states. A quantum disc model embedded in another disc has been assumed for modeling the QDs and density matrix elements are used to obtain induced polarization at the signal frequency after determining the energy states and state probabilities. Tunable absorption dip, corresponding refractive index variation and group index, exhibit widely tunable slow and fast light characteristics by changing the bias condition.