Chiara Boccherini, Valentina D’Ambrosio, Sara Corno, Flaminia Vena, Cristina Pajno, Maria Grazia Piccioni, Francesco Rech, Paola Ciolli, Roberto Brunelli, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Antonio Pizzuti, Ludovico Muzii, Antonella Giancotti
August 25, 2020
Objectives Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection can be easily prevented by hygienic measures. Up to date the majority of the studies in literature highlighted a reduction in cCMV antenatal counseling and its prevention. Our purpose was to evaluate obstetrics providers’ knowledge about cCMV infection, management and the behavioral practices to avoid it. Methods This is a cross-sectional survey carried out in Umberto I Hospital, “Sapienza” University of Rome between November 2019 and January 2020. We recruited 148 specialists and residents in Obstetrics and Gynecology through online anonymous multiple-choice 13-questions, 10 min-survey comparing responses between the two groups. Results A total of 94.6% of all participants said they always prescribe cytomegalovirus (CMV) serum screening: 73.6% of them regularly counsel about preventive practices, with specialists recording higher percentages (85.4 vs. 65.1%, p<0.005). We identified a good knowledge about the diagnostic pathway, but only 58.1% of our population knows the correct time of late amniocentesis. 12.2% of providers do not consider magnetic resonance (MRI) as a complementary exam. Conclusions Prevention of maternal seroconversion is crucial: even if our data show an acceptable knowledge about antenatal counseling, we encourage clinicians to firmly inform and educate women about behavioral measures.