Vincent Dochez, Guillaume Ducarme, Pauline Gueudry, Yolaine Joueidi, Marion Boivin, Louise Boussamet, Hélène Pelerin, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Zeineb Lamoureux, Valéry-Pierre Riche, Norbert Winer, Thibault Thubert, Emilie Marie
October 2, 2020
Objectives Preterm labour is the leading cause of hospitalization during pregnancy. In France, it results in more than 60,000 births before 37 weeks of gestation every year. Recent studies suggest that detection of placental α-microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1) in vaginal secretions among women presenting symptoms of preterm labour with intact membranes has good predictive value for the onset of spontaneous preterm delivery within 7 days. The test is especially interesting, in that the repetition of antenatal corticosteroids for foetal lung maturation is no longer recommended in France and the effect of the initial administration is most beneficial in the 24 h to 7 days afterwards. Methods We included all studies listed in PubMed and clinicaltrials.gov with the terms “PAMG-1” and either “preterm labor” or “preterm labour”, while excluding all studies on the subject of “rupture of the membranes” from 2000 through 2017. Ten studies were thus included. Results In women who had both the PAMG-1 and foetal fibronectin test, the PAMG-1 test was statistically superior to the measurement of cervical length for positive predictive value (p<0.0074), negative predictive value (p=0.0169) and specificity (p<0.001) for the prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery within 7 days. Conclusions The use of PAMG-1 may make it possible to target the women at risk with a shortened cervix on ultrasound (<25 mm) those with an imminent preterm delivery and therefore to adapt management, especially the administration of antenatal corticosteroid therapy.