I. Thangamani, B. Gera, A. Dutta, V. Verma, R. K. Singh, A. K. Ghosh
April 19, 2013
The proposed Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) employs double containment envelope along with many Engineered Safety Features (ESFs) to mitigate the consequences of Loss-of-Coolant Accidents (LOCA) with safety system failure, during which high enthalpy steam and radioactive fission products will be discharged into the containment. In such conditions, the pressurized containment will be the source of activity release to the environment by way of leakage. It is required to study the effect of ESFs on the source term from the AHWR containment. An analysis was performed to evaluate the release rate from the AHWR containment during a postulated accident with the in-house containment code CONTRAN and the aerosol behavior code NAUA5-M in a coupled way. Modules for simulating the engineered safety features were incorporated in the CONTRAN code and the aerosol transport behaviour was evaluated using NAUA5-M separately. The AHWR containment is divided into three nodal volumes interconnected by junctions. The blow down mass, energy discharge data and activity released into the containment from the reactor core, for a postulated LOCA case of 200% RIH break with failure of shutdown systems (1 & 2), are inputs to the CONTRAN code. Thermodynamic parameters like containment gas temperature, partial pressure of steam, air in the subdivided volumes along with the flow rates through junctions obtained from CONTRAN were supplied to NAUA5-M. An analysis was carried out for a number of cases, postulated based on availability/unavailability of ESFs. Pressure, temperature and activity concentration transients were evaluated, for 72 h, in the subdivided volumes along with the activity released out of the containment through leakages and stack discharges for all the cases. This paper highlights the importance of operation of ESF in reducing the activity release to the environment.