Y. Bilodid, I. Ovdiienko, S. Mittag, A. Kuchin, V. Khalimonchuk, M. Ieremenko
June 11, 2013
The few-group cross section libraries, used by reactor dynamics codes, are affected by the spectral history effect – a dependence of fuel cross sections not only on burnup, but also on local spectral conditions during burnup. Neglecting this effect leads to an additional component of error in neutron-physical characteristics. Two solution approaches to this problem implemented in the reactor dynamic code DYN3D are described and compared in this paper: a cross section correction method based on239Pu concentration and separate cross sections treatment for each axial layer of reactor core. Steady-state and burnup characteristics of a PWR and a WWER-1000 cores, calculated by DYN3D with and without cross section corrections, are compared. An impact of the correction on transient calculations is studied for a control rod ejection example. Studies have shown a significant influence of spectral history on axial power and burnup distributions as well as on calculated cycle length. Two different correction methods have shown similar major effects.