P. Goyal, V. Verma, R. K. Singh
November 4, 2014
The Indian Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) core consists of a number of horizontal channels containing nuclear fuel bundles. Parallel coolant channels are connected to Inlet and Outlet header through feeder pipes. Coolant from Reactor Inlet Header is distributed to the coolant channels and after removing heat combines at Reactor Outlet Header. Due to space constraints the feeder pipes are joined to the channel with one or two elbows close to the end fittings of the coolant channels. The carbon steel feeder pipes carry high temperature fluid at higher velocity and are liable to undergo Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC). In the recent inspection it has been found that feeders having double elbow are more susceptible to FAC on the intrados of second elbow. But it was found that in some of the elbows maximum thinning due to FAC was observed on the intrados of the first elbow. Hence to resolve this, effect of first bend orientation with respect of upstream direction has been studied. Two different approaches are used for predicting the FAC rate from calculated value of wall shear stress by CFD. One method is based on evaluating of wear rate using Colburn analogy and the other using an empirical equation between wear rate and shear stress. In Colburn analogy, mass transfer coefficient is evaluated by knowing shear stress and equilibrium concentration. For a case study, wall shear stress obtained from k -∊ turbulence model was compared with k -ω SST turbulence model and no appreciable change in the wall shear stress has been found. Hence for subsequent analysis k -∊ turbulence model was chosen because large mesh size near to the surface (first layer thickness) is permitted due to higher y + value.