Maryam Atapour, Seyyed Sheikholeslami, Rana Hajypory, Lutz Volkmann
October 30, 2010

### Abstract

Let k ≥ 1 be an integer, and let D = (V; A) be a finite simple digraph, for which d D− ≥ k − 1 for all v ɛ V. A function f: V → {−1; 1} is called a signed k-dominating function (SkDF) if f(N −[v]) ≥ k for each vertex v ɛ V. The weight w(f) of f is defined by $$ \sum\nolimits_{v \in V} {f(v)} $$. The signed k-domination number for a digraph D is γkS(D) = min {w(f|f) is an SkDF of D. In this paper, we initiate the study of signed k-domination in digraphs. In particular, we present some sharp lower bounds for γkS(D) in terms of the order, the maximum and minimum outdegree and indegree, and the chromatic number. Some of our results are extensions of well-known lower bounds of the classical signed domination numbers of graphs and digraphs.