Furkan Özkan, Hakan Kirdan, İsmail Hakkı Kara, Fazıl Hüsem, Sait Özcelik, Yüksel Akinay, Harun Çug, Yavuz Sun, Hayrettin Ahlatci
October 11, 2014
Forged welded (damascus) steels are produced by traditional methods and mostly used in the design of decorative tools. These steels are well-known for their good mechanical properties. The process for making forged welded (damascus) steel consists of stacking alternating sheets of different kinds of steel on top of each other and then forge welding them together. In this study, the steels 1075 and 15N20 were used for the forging and folding procedure. The effect of fold numbers on the microstructure and mechanical behavior were investigated. The steel consisted of both materials, 54 and 250 layers, respectively, produced by forge welding. The pattern layers are homogeneous and regular, but after the process sections with up to 54 pattern layers were irregular. Steel 1075 has a pearlitic microstructure, while steel 15N20 has a ferritic microstructure. The impact toughness and tensile strength of the folded steels improved with increasing the number of folds.