Qishuai Yin, Jin Yang, Haimei Xiu, Shujie Liu, Zhenkun Li, Caiyuan Tan, Tie Li, Shaowei Zhao, Ting Sun, Wenlong Li, Shanshan Shi
August 30, 2019
This work aims to determine the material qualification of 13Cr-L80 casing for sour conditions which is of great importance to check the sulfide stress cracking susceptibility, confirm the range of applicable conditions and recommend anti-corrosion materials. First, the casing material was tested to judge whether its properties were normal. Secondly, the testing matrix was defined to determine actual casing exposure conditions. Thirdly, slow strain rate testing was used to screen the conditions. Fourthly, thirty-day tests of uniaxial tensile specimens were conducted to check for SSC susceptibility. The casing material satisfied API 5CT standards and could be used for slow strain rate testing and sulfide stress cracking testing. The testing matrix is intended to distinguish the combined effect of temperatures (41, 75, 140 °F), chloride levels (1000, 13 000 mg × L −1 ), pH (3.5, 5.5) and partial pressures of H 2 S (3.5 psi) in shut-in and flowing conditions. The slow strain rate testing showed a reduction of signs of embrittlement with increased temperature, suggesting that the mechanism is supported by sulfide stress cracking. The 13Cr-L80 passed field-specific qualification tests for sulfide stress cracking resistance in sour wells at maximum H 2 S partial pressures of 3.5 psi in the casing-tubing annulus. The API 5CT 13Cr-L80 casing application is in compliance with ISO15156/NACE MR0175 standards as long as the aggressiveness of the field conditions does not go beyond the envelope conditions tested (3.5 psi of H 2 S, pH 3.5, temperature of 41 or 75 °F).