S. Magibalan, P. Senthilkumar, C. Senthilkumar, M. Prabu
February 13, 2021
The present research work is focused on the production of aluminum alloy 8011 with 12 wt.-% fly ash composite by using the stir casting method. A three-level central composite design experiment is developed using response surface methodology (RSM) with various parameters. Load, time and sliding velocity are varied in the range of (5-15 N), (5-15 min) and (1.5-4.5 m × s-1), respectively. Dry sliding wear tests are performed as per the experimental design using a pin-on-disc at room temperature. This paper describes how optimization studies were carried out on a dry sliding wear process with multi-response characteristics based on MCDM using the TOPSIS approach. The process parameters, load, time and sliding velocity are optimized with multi-response characteristics, including the wear rate (WR), and the coefficient of friction (COF). A sensitivity analysis is also carried out and compared with the relative impact of input parameters on wear behavior in order to verify the measurement errors on the values of the uncertainty in estimated parameters. The experimental results indicate that the multi-response characteristics of aluminum alloy 8011 with 12 wt.-% fly ash composite used during the wear behavior process can be enhanced through the TOPSIS method.