Rahul Gautam, Harsh Jain, Mayank Poply, Rajkumar Jain, Mukul Anand, Rahul Kala
May 24, 2018
This paper solves the problem of localization for indoor environments using visual place recognition, visual odometry and experience based localization using a camera. Our main motivation is just like a human is able to recall from its past experience, a robot should be able to use its recorded visual memory in order to determine its location. Currently experience based localization has been used in constrained environments like outdoor roads, where the robot is constrained to the same set of locations during every visit. This paper adapts the same technology to wide open maps like halls wherein the robot is not constrained to specific locations. When a robot is turned on in a room, it first uses visual place recognition using histogram of oriented gradients and support vector machine in order to predict which room it is in. It then scans its surroundings and uses a nearest neighbor search of the robot’s experience coupled with visual odometry for localization. We present the results of our approach test on a dynamic environment comprising of three rooms. The dataset consists of approximately 5000 monocular and 5000 depth images.