S. Uusikallio, M. Jaskari, A. Kisko, T. Nyo, D. Porter, J. Kömi
May 30, 2019
The effects of different sample preparation techniques on a set of laboratory hot-rolled and thermally cycled ferritic-austenitic stainless steels containing 19 – 20 wt.% Cr have been studied. The differences in chemical composition led to different volume fractions of ferrite and austenite and austenite stabilities, which were characterized using composition-based estimates of M d30 and M s temperatures. The sample preparation methods were combined mechanical and chemical polishing, electrolytical polishing and ion beam cross section polishing. The ferrite-austenite phase ratio and tendency for phase transformation varied with the chemical composition of the steel. Electropolishing is shown to be the only sample preparation method not to cause martensite formation in samples containing metastable austenite.