Lianqin Zhao, Sheng-Tao Yang, Ailimire Yilihamu, Deyi Wu
February 22, 2019
Graphene, a novel carbon allotrope, is single-layered graphite with honeycomb lattice. Its unique structure endows graphene many outstanding physical/chemical properties and a large surface area, which are beneficial to its applications in many areas. The potential applications of graphene in pollution remediation are adsorption, membrane separation, catalysis, environmental analysis, and so on. The adsorption efficiency of graphene adsorbents largely depends on its surface area, porous structure, oxygen-containing groups and other functional groups, adsorption conditions, and also the properties of adsorbates. With appropriate modifications, graphene materials are mostly efficient adsorbents for organic pollutants (e.g. dyes, pesticides, and oils) and inorganic pollutants (e.g. metal ions, nonmetal ions, and gas). Since our first report of graphene adsorbents in 2010, plenty of studies have been dedicated to developing various graphene adsorbents and to evaluating their performance in treating contaminated water. Recently, there is a growing trend in graphene adsorbents that could be applied in soil remediation, where the situation is much more complicated than in aqueous systems. Herein, we review the design of graphene adsorbents for water treatment and analyze their potential in soil remediation. Several suggestions to accelerate the research on graphene-based soil remediation technology are proposed.