Yanwei Jing, Xueying Nai, Li Dang, Donghai Zhu, Yabin Wang, Yaping Dong, Wu Li
April 19, 2017
The influence of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ) with different polymorphs (calcite and aragonite) and morphologies (granular and rod-like) on mechanical and crystallization properties of polypropylene (PP) was investigated. Meanwhile, these CaCO 3 fillers coated with oleic acid were added in different contents to PP. The results indicate that the tensile strength, flexural strength, modulus, and crystallization property of the filler-treated samples are improved, but the impact strength decreased. The crystallinity of the composites is higher than that of neat PP. Moreover, in the rod shape filler-treated sample, in both whisker species, the mechanical properties of composites are superior to the particles filled. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and mechanical tests display that calcite whisker-reinforced composite has higher crystallization enthalpy, melting enthalpy, degree of crystallinity, and mechanical properties than aragonite whiskers and calcite particles filled composites.