Merve Ergin Tuncay, Emin Gemcioglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Ihsan Ates, Rahmet Guner, Fatma Eser, Imran Hasanoglu, Ayse Kaya Kalem, Adalet Aypak, Zubeyr Said Agac, Serife Gokbulut Bektas, Ibrahim Mungan, Ahmet Gokhan Akdag, Seval Izdes, Salim Neselioglu, Ozcan Erel
February 4, 2021
Background Vitamin D is recognized to be an immune regulator. Also, it is known to have antiviral effects by several mechanisms, including reducing inflammatory cytokines. Objectives To examine the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status for assessing the severity of COVID-19. Methods This study consisted of 596 patients confirmed as SARS-CoV-2 infection and 59 healthy individuals. The cases separated into non-severe group, severe survival, and severe non-survival group. 25(OH)D and other laboratory parameters were evaluated retrospectively. Results In all COVID-19 groups 25(OH)D levels were low compared to controls (p<0.05). 25(OH)D concentrations were lowest in patients in severe non-survival groups than those in other SARS-CoV-2 infection groups (p<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis exhibited that decreasing 25(OH)D was associated with an increased likelihood of non-severe, severe survival and severe non-survival disease. There were significant associations between 25(OH)D and certain inflammatory and hemostatic parameters (p<0.05, for all). Conclusions 25(OH)D deficiency was observed among patients with COVID-19. Declined steadily 25(OH)D levels make a huge contribution to the scale of the progression of the disease. Correlations support that 25(OH)D may be a substantial tool for utilizing the severity of the disease and estimating the survival. Also, supplementation of 25(OH)D might slow down the course of the COVID-19.