Jing Shi, Xiaohua Zou, Ke Jiang, Li Tan, Likun Wang, Siying Ren, Yuanhong Mao, Chunguang Yang, Weijun Wang, Guofeng Wu, Zhouping Tang
May 15, 2021
Background To observe the therapeutic effect of conventional decompressive craniectomy with hematoma evacuation and frame-based stereotactic minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for supratentorial intracranial hematoma with herniation. Methods One hundred forty-nine patients with hypertensive ICH complicated with tentorial herniation were reviewed and analyzed in the present study. The intracranial hematoma was evacuated by emergency surgery within 6 h after admission. According to the authorized representatives’ wishes and consent, 74 of the 149 patients were treated by conventional decompressive craniectomy followed by hematoma removal, defined as the CDC group, and the remaining 75 patients underwent frame-based stereotactic MIS for ICH evacuation, defined as the MIS group. The intervals between the admission to surgery, the duration of surgery, the amount of iatrogenic bleeding, the occurrence of postoperative rebleeding, and the recovery of neurological functions were compared between the two groups. All patients were followed up for 3 months. Secondary epilepsy, survival in a vegetative state, severe pulmonary complications, mortality, and activities of daily living (ADL) classification were also recorded and compared. Results The interval between admission and surgery, the duration of surgery, and intraoperative blood loss in the MIS group were significantly decreased compared to the CDC group. The mortality rate, the rate of rebleeding, prevalence of vegetative state, and severe pulmonary complications in the MIS group were remarkably decreased compared to the CDC group. In the MIS group, the survivors’ (ADL) grade also showed advantages. Conclusions In the surgical treatment of hypertensive ICH complicated with tentorial herniation, frame-based stereotactic MIS for ICH showed advantages compared to conventional open surgery.