T. Pušić, A. M. Grancarić, A. Tarbuk, O. Šauperl, I. Soljačić
April 5, 2013
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Surfactants as organic compounds are widely used in the processes of textile finishing and care with regard to different variations and specific hydrophilic/hydrophobic character. Specific behaviour of these compounds is partly based on the adsorption process. In this study the adsorption and desorption of ionic surfactants have been studied upon the influence of fibre composition and surfactant ionogenity as well as variation of hydrophobic chain length and hydrophilic group in the molecule. Textile fibres were characterized through electrokinetic potential, sorption characteristics and swelling capacity expressed by moisture regain and water retention value (WRV). Different types of cationic and anionic surfactants were adsorbed on cotton, wool, polyester and polypropylene fibres at 20°C during 60 minutes. The quantity of adsorbed surfactants on textile fibres was determined by potentiometric titration. The textile fibres were centrifuged afterwards and the amount of surfactants was determined in the centrifugate, respectively. Drying followed at 60°C. The desorption of surfactants was performed at 20°C during 30 minutes. The results showed a correlation between amount of adsorbed, desorbed and residual surfactants and swelling capacity expressed through WRV.