Frederik Scheid, Edith Lambert, Writi Maitra, Marina Niestrath, Daniel Fäh, Christian Portmann, Susanne Gorny, Rainer Stamminger
August 27, 2016
Washing machines should not only deliver good removal of stains, but also take care of the garments. Mechanical action produced by the washing machine has a twofold impact: It supports the removal of stains, but it also influences the structure of the textiles negatively and is, therefore, critical to textile care. Most washing machines are currently assessed by consumer organisations and political regulations, such as energy labelling, just for their washing properties. However, a long programme may provide a good washing performance, but might also damage the textiles more than a shorter programme. Test specimens assessing the mechanical impact are well known and published, for example, IEC PAS 62473:2007, however, they are rarely used. Reasons may be poor knowledge about their effectiveness in assessing the mechanical action and their reaction to different washing conditions, for example, load size, temperature and duration of the washing programme. It was the task of this study to verify this relationship and confirm that the thread removal fabric, as specified in IEC PAS 62473:2007, adds additional information to the assessment of a washing process. As a result of a wide variation of washing parameters, it could be shown that this test fabric is almost independent of the washing temperature, but shows a clear correlation with the load size and the length of the washing process. The thread removal specimens add valuable additional information concerning a relevant parameter of the washing process.