Karl F. Schumann, Michael Voß
October 18, 2016
By the beginning of 1972, the juvenile training schools in Massachusetts had been abolished, a development prompted by certain theoretical assumptions coupled with the conditions surrounding the implementation of juvenile sentences. The authors first consider general principles for the development of alternative systems of both ambulatory and institutional sanctions. They turn, next, to the debate between reform-minded officials and the proponents of a conservative position respecting the consequences of various alternatives for juvenile detention. In the last part of the article the authors offer an evaluation of the results of the reform of juvenile detention; some of the conclusions offered for reform may be of interest in connection with current legislation on reformatories in West Germany.