Jutta Allmendinger, Thomas Hinz
May 19, 2016
This article focuses on research grants funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), i.e. the German National Science Foundation. It analyzes research grant applications in the field of sociology and their evaluations and is based on process-produced data on 761 grant applications submitted to the DFG from 1993 to 1999. While application conduct does not differ by gender, women have a smaller chance of receiving funding than men. This inequality results partly from individual, structural and contextual differences between men and women. The differences in opportunities between men and women are, to a large extent, explained by the gender-specific focus of the research proposals: Half of the applications submitted by women can be categorized as gender-oriented research. The establishment of the DFG-research area “Professionalization, Organization, Gender” is of major importance for the topic under investigation. In the years analyzed, significantly fewer grant proposals in the area of gender and women’s research were funded. This is a programmed, although unintentional and definitely avoidable side effect. At the same time, there is programmed equality inasmuch as this research area has reduced the differences in the funding opportunities of women and men.