The CAZy database is a web-server for sequence-based classification of carbohydrate-active enzymes that has become the worldwide and indispensable tool for scientists engaged in this research field. It was originally created in 1991 as a classification of glycoside hydrolases (GH) and currently, this section of CAZy represents its largest part counting 172 GH families. The present Opinion paper is devoted to the specificity of α-amylase (EC 188.8.131.52) and its occurrence in the CAZy database. Among the 172 defined GH families, four, i.e. GH13, GH57, GH119 and GH126, may be considered as the α-amylase GH families. This view reflects a historical background and traditions widely accepted during the previous decades with respect to the chronology of creating the individual GH families. It obeys the phenomenon that some amylolytic enzymes, which were used to create the individual GH families and were originally known as α-amylases, according to current knowledge from later, more detailed characterization, need not necessarily represent genuine α-amylases. Our Opinion paper was therefore written in an effort to invite the scientific community to think about that with a mind open to changes and to consider the seemingly unambiguous question in the title as one that may not have a simple answer.