Stemming from the exceptional results obtained with the pathfinding NTT telescope commissioned in 1989, the current generation of large astronomical telescopes, including the VLT, Gemini, Subaru, LBT, VST, and many more, use an active primary mirror in conjunction with the position of the secondary mirror to optimize performance with a cycle time typically measured in minutes over the course of acquiring a long exposure image. Recent discoveries, based in research enabled by the nodal aberration theory (NAT), have created a complete, linear model for the effect of, and the interaction of, the alignment compensators used during an exposure when an active primary mirror has a role in the process of maintaining performance in combination with the rotation of the secondary mirror around a specific external pivot point. This scenario, presented in the context of NAT, clearly illustrates important, limiting interactions between the secondary mirror position and the primary mirror astigmatic figure residual created through active control. It also points to the need for the wavefront sensor algorithm to anticipate that the astigmatic field will be binodal. The science of weak galactic lensing is exceptionally sensitive to binodal astigmatism, making this aberration field an urgent area of research.