Nanorods in nanotechnology called a specific type of morphology of nanoscale materials that their dimensions range is from 1 to 100 nm. Nanorods can be synthesized from metal or semi-conductive material with a surface to volume ratio of 3–5. One method of making nanorods is direct chemical method. Ligands compounds as a shape control agents cause growth the nanorods and create stretched and extended modes of them. In recent years, magnetic nanorods are one of the nanorods that have been raised in the field of nano medicine [Nath S, Kaittanis C, Ramachandran V, Dalal NS, Perez JM. Synthesis, magnetic characterization, and sensing applications of novel dextran-coated iron oxide nanorods. Chem Mater. 2009;21:1761–7.]. Superparamagnetic properties of magnetic nanorods causes to sensing be done with high accuracy. In addition, other applications of magnetic nanorods are in the field of separation and treatment [Hu B, Wang N, Han L, Chen ML, Wang JH. Magnetic nanohybrids loaded with bimetal core–shell–shell nanorods for bacteria capture, separation, and near-infrared photothermal treatment. Chemistry. 2015;21:6582–9.]. Therefore, in biomedical applications, the nanorods are used usually with biological molecules such as antibodies [Schrittwieser S, Pelaz B, Parak WJ, Lentijo-Mozo S, Soulantica K, Dieckhoff J, et al. Homogeneous protein analysis by magnetic core–shell nanorod probes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016;8:8893–9.]. For this purpose, in the present work we will try to introduce magnetic nanorods and mention their different methods of synthesis and applications.