In recent years, space has become a new area of cooperation between China and Arab countries. This cooperation, based on mutual respect, openness, equality and mutual benefit, is of great importance due to its role in developing and strengthening relations between the two sides and pushing them forward. Despite the progress witnessed by the Chinese-Arab relations in the field of space sciences, there are challenges facing space cooperation between the two sides, relating to the conditions of some Arab countries that have suffered wars, and political, economic and social crises, in addition to the relationship that links the countries of the region with some major countries. This research sheds light on the space program of China and shows how this country has made great progress in the field of space sciences, it also includes the space program of Arabic countries, some of which have recently witnessed a remarkable development in space sciences, trying to catch up with the more developed countries in this field. This research also discusses the cooperation between China and Arab countries, stresses the importance of this cooperation, and puts forward the challenges that could impede the process of space cooperation.