The International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group study of patients with metastatic testicular germ cell tumors showed that catalytic concentration of serum lactate dehydrogenase (S-LD), serum α-fetoprotein concentration (S-AFP), and serum human chorionic gonadotropin concentration (S-hCG) predicted death from tumor. The recent international TNM classification (T primary tumor, N lymph node metastasis, M distant metastasis) is based on these results. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether catalytic concentration of S-LD isoenzyme 1 (S-LD-1) was a better predictor than the criteria used for the international classification. In an evaluation series of 44 patients from Odense University Hospital, Denmark, a raised S-LD-1 (>1.0 x upper limit of reference values) had a predictive value for death from tumor in 5-years observation of 46%. The predictive value was 46% for S-LD, 25% for S-AFP, and 40% for S-hCG. A normal SLD-1 had a predictive value for survival over 5-years observation of 100%. It was 81% for S-LD, 75% for S-AFP, and 77% for S-hCG. The fraction of the patients who died of tumor and had a raised tumor marker value was 100% for S-LD-1, 46% for S-LD, 9% for S-AFP, and 18% for S-hCG. The fraction of patients with a normal serum tumor marker value among those who survived was 61% for S-LD-1, 81% for S-LD, 94% for S-AFP, and 94% for S-hCG. A validation series of 37 patients treated at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center showed similar findings. Combining the patients in the two series, a raised value of SLD-1 classified more patients into a subgroup with an impaired survival (53%) than S-LD (35%), S-AFP (6%), or S-hCG (11%), and the high risk subgroups based on the international classification (40%). The findings have implications for the staging and treatment of patients with metastatic testicular germ cell tumors.