Objectives Pregnancy associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (p-aHUS) is a rare condition of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) which causes an increase of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. It presents typically with a triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia and acute progressive renal failure. Differential diagnoses of HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, and Low Platelets) syndrome, preeclampsia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) syndrome must be considered. In the following case report, presented is a 32-year-old, 38 weeks pregnant Caucasian woman admitted to Eberswalde Hospital with signs of preeclampsia and HELLP Syndrome. Caesarean Section was performed due to HELLP syndrome and fetal distress. Acute renal failure occurs shortly after a successful delivery. After a diagnosis of p-aHUS is established, the patient was given Eculizumab, which yielded significant improvements. Case presentation A 32-year-old, 38 week pregnant Caucasian woman was admitted to Eberswalde Hospital with upper right abdominal pain. After a laboratory examination, a diagnosis of HELLP syndrome was established and a Caesarean Section was performed. The follow-up examination revealed deterioration of clinical signs with the patient experiencing dyspnea, oliguria, and oedema, as well as aggravation of laboratory values, ranging from severe thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, liver injury, and acute kidney injury. After excluding other possible causes of TMA, a diagnosis of p-aHUS was established and a treatment with Eculizumab was administered. Clinical and laboratory signs of hemolysis and kidney functions were found to improve gradually after two administrations of Eculizumab. The patient was discharged after 20 days of hospitalization with significantly improved condition and hematological values. Conclusions A successful treatment of p-aHUS requires a comprehensive assessment and a prompt diagnosis, which can be confounded by multiple similar differential diagnoses. Treatment with Eculizumab was found to significantly improve the outcome of the patient, but more studies are required to decide on a standardized regiment for p-aHUS.