Horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-initiated dehydrogenative polymerizations of guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S)-type monolignol γ- O -glucosides, isoconiferin (iso-G) and isosyringin (iso-S), which contain a hydrophilic glucosyl unit on γ-position of coniferyl alcohol (G-alc) and sinapyl alcohol (S-alc), respectively, were monitored by UV spectroscopy to study the formation of dehydrogenation polymer (DHP, lignin polymer model) in a homogeneous aqueous phase. During homopolymerization of iso-S, a new absorbance band at 325 nm ( A 325 ) rapidly increased in intensity and then gradually disappeared, whereas such stable changes in absorbance were not observed during homopolymerization of iso-G. During polymerization of iso-S, A 325 rapidly disappeared when an acid, nucleophile or reductant was added to the reaction mixture, indicating that A 325 can be attributed to S-type quinone methide intermediates (QMs). Similar to iso-S polymerization, temporary absorbance at 328 nm was observed during conventional polymerization of S-alc. We interpret this observation as follows: S-type QMs accumulated in the reaction mixture and the progress of subsequent DHP formation during oxidative polymerization of iso-S or S-alc was hindered. UV monitoring of iso-G and iso-S copolymerization revealed that the presence of iso-G promoted the disappearance of A 325 . Furthermore, S-type QMs generated in situ by iso-S polymerization disappeared more rapidly after guaiacol addition than after 2,6-dimethoxyphenol addition. The following mechanism for copolymerization of iso-G and iso-S can be proposed: G-type precursors with phenolic hydroxyl groups react readily by nucleophilic addition with the α-C of S-type QMs, and the molecular chains of DHPs increase via non-cyclic α-aryl ether bonds.