The purpose of this study was to examine how the type of solvent among aqueous 1,4-dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, ethanol, iso -propyl alcohol, or ethylene glycol and its content (mol%) affect the formation rate of benzyl cation intermediate (BC) in the acidolysis of lignin, using a simple model compound, 1,2-dimethoxy-4-methoxymethylbenzene. Because the BC forms from the model compound via two steps, i.e. , protonation of the benzyl methoxymethyl group as the pre-equilibrium step and liberation of the methanol as the rate-determining step, the observed variation of the formation rate with type of solvent and solvent content originates from the effects on both steps undistinguishably. The formation rate of BC decreased with increasing mol% of any of the organic solvents for a range of relatively low mol%, but increased with it for relatively high mol%. The formation rate varied more in the ether than in the alcohol systems. These results seem to be regulated by the effect of changing the mol% on the pre-equilibrium step, i . e ., on the proton activity, rather than on the rate-determining step. Two reaction products, 4-alkoxymethyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene and 4-hydroxymethyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene, exclusively formed in the aqueous alcohol systems. The former compound was confirmed to be thermodynamically more stable and kinetically the more favorable product.