In granular media, topological features are known to determine the effective material properties and boundary behavior when interacting with other structural components. X-ray computed tomography results are reported on sphere packing structures in slender prismatic containers ( X = 20, Y = Z = 80 mm), filled and vibrated with both monosized spheres (diameter d = 2.4 mm), Exp. (M), and polydisperse spheres (1 mm < d < 1.25 mm), Exp. (P). Packing structures were characterized by void fraction distributions, coordination numbers, contact angle distributions and Voronoi packing fractions. In (M), an almost perfect hexagonal dense packing exists in the total volume, associated with a packing fraction γ t ≈0.68. In additional packing experiments, large γ t values were achieved as well. Although the d spread in (P) is relatively small, significantly different results are obtained: γ t ≈0.62, regular structures are restricted to narrow wall zones and distributions in the container volume are nonhomogeneous. It is argued that the small degree of ordered structure is a characteristic feature of polydispersity for efficiently vibrated sphere packings.