In-process and off-line rheometry studies are reported for compounds based on Mg(OH) 2 filled low density polyethylene, some of which were first subjected to a range of strain histories in typical compounding operations. In the study reported here, the compounds were processed using an instrumented, computer monitored single screw extruder in the IRC laboratories, fitted with in line rheometers (ILR). In initial experiments a four sensor ILR slit die was used for the in-process shear rheometry, and a Rosand RH7 twin bore capillary rheometer for off-line shear and entry pressure measurements. Off line and in-line results are compared, showing good agreement for shear. Estimates have been obtained for the sensitivity to filler loading of the off line rheometer (shear flow and entry pressure measurements), and the 4 sensor ILR (shear flow measurements), which indicate that the ILR offers similar resolution of filler level to the off line rheometer at the higher loadings, although the ILR appears to have much lower sensitivity at higher shear rates at lower loadings, an effect which appears to be related to processing effects on the rheology of the compound rather than the measurement ability of the ILR. The ILR was also able to discriminate between samples with differing processing histories. Results from a six-sensor ILR die have shown good agreement in shear flow measurements, and have added the ability to measure entry pressures, which are compared with off-line measurements.