Background and Objective HuangZhi YiShen Capsule (HZYS) is a Chinese patent herbal drug that protects kidney function in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) patients. However, the pharmacologic mechanisms of HZYS remain unclear. This study would use network pharmacology to explore the pharmacologic mechanisms of HZYS. Methods Chemical constituents of HZYS were obtained through the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database (TCMSP) and literature search. Potential targets of HZYS were identified by using the TCMSP and the SwissTarget Prediction databases. DKD-related target genes were collected by using the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Therapeutic Target Database, GeneCards, DisGeNET, and Drugbank databases. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were carried out to further explore the mechanisms of HZYS in treating DKD. Molecular docking was conducted to verify the potential interactions between the prime compounds and the hub genes. Results 179 active compounds and 620 target genes were obtained, and 571 common targets were considered potential therapeutic targets. The top 10 main active compounds of HZYS were heparin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, methyl14-methylpentadecanoate, methyl (Z)-11-hexadecenoate, 17-hydroxycorticosterone, 4-pregnene-17α, 20β, 21-triol-3, 11-dione, wogonin, and hydroxyecdysone. Hub signaling pathways by which HZYS treating DKD were PI3K-Akt, MAPK, AGE-RAGE in diabetic complications, TNF, and apoptosis. The top 10 target genes associated with these pathways were IL6, MAPK1, AKT1, RELA, BCL2, JUN, MAPK3, MAP2K1, CASP3, and TNF . Quercetin and Luteolin were verified to have good binding capability with the hub potential targets IL6, MAPK1, AKT1 through molecular docking. Conclusion HZYS appeared to treat DKD by regulating the inflammatory, oxidative stress, apoptotic, and fibrosis signaling pathways. This study provided a novel perspective for further research of HZYS.