The fossil record of the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Ochotona in Central and Western Europe is sparse. Only a few species, confined mostly to the type localities, have been described from that period. The Villányian representatives include O . polonica (Zamkowa Dolna Cave, Poland) and O . dehmi (Schernfeld, Germany), whereas the Biharian representatives are O . horaceki (Honce, Slovakia), O . lazari (Gombasek, Slovakia) and O . valerotae (Les Valerots, France). The ochotonid material from Poland, yielding the most comprehensive evidence of the earliest Central European Ochotona is presented. In addition, the Biharian record is complemented by O . zabiensis sp. nov. from Żabia Cave (Poland). The p3 occlusal pattern and mandibular characters fully support erecting a new species. On the other hand, O . dehmi is synonymized with O . polonica and O . valerotae treated as a subspecies. The Villányian and Biharian pikas with relatively elongated p3, well-defined trigonid, long posteroconid, and the slender, low mandible form a conspicuous phylogenetic lineage. This lineage became extinct at the end of Biharian, and differs significantly from steppe pika, O . pusilla , widespread in Europe during the Last Glaciation. O . lazari and O . horaceki share many similarities with this species and are included into the O . pusilla lineage.