The term oceanic salts concerns the salts, which can be formed from solutions containing the major ions of seawater, that is the hexary system Na + , K + , Mg ++ , Ca ++ , Cl – , SO 4 – –H 2 O. Besides in geochemistry of evaporites and the potash extraction the solubility equilibria and properties of aqueous solutions containing these ions are of importance in many fields of science and technology in a wide range of temperature and composition. After a short introduction into the types of subsystems and the main features of their solubility diagrams the known salt phases, their properties and stability are listed and discussed with a focus on recent work and discoveries. The status of solubility data evaluation of the multi-component system is discussed from the view point of the data itself and the possibilities and limitations of applying thermodynamic modelling. This is demonstrated with the data compilation of Usdowski and Dietzel, the Pitzer models of Harvie, Möller and Weare as well as the model developed in the THEREDA project. Future work should be directed to improve accuracy of solubility data in multi-component solutions combined with modelling and to consider kinetics and mechanistic aspects in crystallization of phases like anhydrite or polyhalite.