Objectives Peritoneal metastases of ovarian cancer (PMOC) are common at initial presentation. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) of curative intent has been proven to be efficient in increasing the overall survival (OS) and the disease-free survival (DFS) of these patients. Nevertheless, CRS is associated with high postoperative morbidity, which makes patient selection a major concern. Appropriate prognostic factors that can predict patient outcomes after surgery are still lacking. Preoperative biomarkers and their ratios have been shown to be predictive of patient prognosis for various solid tumors. We aimed to study their correlation with the prognosis of patients undergoing CRS for PMOC. Methods This retrospective study included patients with PMOC operated by CRS. Preoperative biomarkers and other clinicopathological characteristics were studied to determine their prognostic value in terms OS and DFS. Results 216 patients were included. Patients with preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) <11.7 g/dL had a poorer prognosis in terms of OS (p=0.0062) and DFS (p=0.0077). Additionally, increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) >0.32, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) >214.5 were associated with worse OS (p=0.022, p=0.0028, and p=0.0018, respectively) and worse DFS (p=0.028, p=0.003, and p=0.019, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that the variables mentioned above were independent predictive factors for OS and DFS. Conclusions Preoperative Hb level, NLR, MLR, and PLR are prognostic factors for OS and DFS in PMOC patients operated by curative CRS.