Since the advent of the industrial revolution, there has been a constant need of efficient catalysts for abatement of industrial toxic pollutants. This phenomenon necessitated the development of eco-friendly, stable, and economically feasible catalytic materials like lanthanum-based perovskite-type oxides (PTOs) having well-defined crystal structure, excellent thermal, and structural stability, exceptional ionic conductivity, redox behavior, and high tunability. In this review, applicability of La-based PTOs in remediation of pollutants, including CO, NO x and VOCs was addressed. A framework for rationalizing reaction mechanism, substitution effect, preparation methods, support, and catalyst shape has been discussed. Furthermore, reactant conversion efficiencies of best PTOs have been compared with noble-metal catalysts for each application. The catalytic properties of the perovskites including electronic and structural properties have been extensively presented. We highlight that a robust understanding of electronic structure of PTOs will help develop perovskite catalysts for other environmental applications involving oxidation or redox reactions.