The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project provides a valuable resource of large-scale gene expressions across multiple tissue types. Under various technical noise and unknown or unmeasured factors, how to robustly estimate the major tissue effect becomes challenging. Moreover, different genes exhibit heterogeneous expressions across different tissue types. Therefore, we need a robust method which adapts to the heterogeneities of gene expressions to improve the estimation for the tissue effect. We followed the approach of the robust estimation based on γ -density-power-weight in the works of Fujisawa, H. and Eguchi, S. (2008). Robust parameter estimation with a small bias against heavy contamination. J. Multivariate Anal . 99: 2053–2081 and Windham, M.P. (1995). Robustifying model fitting. J. Roy. Stat. Soc. B : 599–609, where γ is the exponent of density weight which controls the balance between bias and variance. As far as we know, our work is the first to propose a procedure to tune the parameter γ to balance the bias-variance trade-off under the mixture models. We constructed a robust likelihood criterion based on weighted densities in the mixture model of Gaussian population distribution mixed with unknown outlier distribution, and developed a data-adaptive γ -selection procedure embedded into the robust estimation. We provided a heuristic analysis on the selection criterion and found that our practical selection trend under various γ ’s in average performance has similar capability to capture minimizer γ as the inestimable mean squared error (MSE) trend from our simulation studies under a series of settings. Our data-adaptive robustifying procedure in the linear regression problem (AdaReg) showed a significant advantage in both simulation studies and real data application in estimating tissue effect of heart samples from the GTEx project, compared to the fixed γ procedure and other robust methods. At the end, the paper discussed some limitations on this method and future work.