The low grade potash ores contain large amount of fine water insoluble minerals, which was defined as slime here. The removal of the slime from the low grade of potash ores (KCl < 10 %; slime > 40 %) from the Mahai Basin, Qinghai Province, PRC, was investigated using flotation. The characteristics of the slime sample, which was extracted from the potash ores sample, were examined by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry and X-Ray Diffraction. It was found that more than 70 % of the slime was aluminum silicate minerals including feldspar, clay (phyllosilicates), silt, as well as gypsum and carbonate minerals. In this study the flotation response of the slime minerals was evaluated. It was found that a higher slime flotation recovery of the slime was obtained when the MR-1 surfactant (polyoxyethylene fatty acid ester)-kerosene-water emulsion was used as collector. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR Spectrometry), oil spreading, and contact angle results indicated that the MR-1 surfactant is selectively adsorbed on slime minerals surfaces and facilitates the spreading of kerosene.