The alpine and coastal areas are not only the most favoured tourism regions in Europe, but also the most vulnerable concerning climate change, and simultaneously tourism is one of its most influential drivers. In 2005 the contribution of tourism to the total of GHG emissions was around 5 % and the relative impact is still increasing. Due to the immense complexity of the system ‘climate change - tourism’, a change of the ecological parameters such as snow-reliability, shrinking glaciers or extreme events is associated with great uncertainty. The following article presents an overview of the whole impact framework and of the latest state of the art. The focus lays on an impact model, which shows the direct and indirect effects of climate change on a local economy. Out of it, mitigation and adaptation strategies as well as the research needs are derived.