The legal aid movement changed the Dutch Bar during the 1970ies. It was initiated by students and young lawyers, supported by government and tolerated by the established Bar. By the 1980ies 25 % of the attorneys were living on legal aid subsidies, about 10 % can be called “specialised” on representation of social and labor law problems of the most needy. They made for a new type of ‘social advocacy’ which is here described in typological terms on basis of a multivariate analysis of an attorney survey. Recent cuts in welfare budgets raise some questions ab out the future development of legal aid in the Netherlands, but the once grown legal aid lobby is a factor for stabilizing its survival.