As universities expanded during the last two decades the number of lawyers has rapidly increased in most western societies. In the FRG this increase resulted, firstly and mainly, in a very heavy growth of the number of lawyers in private practise. This branch of the legal profession doubled within 15 years. Due to comparatively resistent institutional arrangements it is only a tendency in the FRG what can be called a fact in the US: as a reaction to growing numbers, the Bar differentiates, specializes and is, moreover, faced with intensified competition. In addition these structural developments are accelerated by a change and an increase in the demand for legal services. What does this mean for the profession? Especially because of lacking empirical data it remains an open question whether private practitioners will deprofessionalize or, in contrast to that, reprofessionalize.